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peanut plant

Peanuts still remain one of the most popular food choices for many garden birds, particularly in times when highly calorific food is needed. Peanuts offer a really good balance of oil and protein, both of which are necessary for energy and good health.

Just how calorific peanuts are, can be evidenced by the fact that they very rarely appear in any human dieting regimens and if they do – you are only allowed a small handful at a time! More...

news from the farm

It was a harvest of two halves. A dry spell, followed by three weeks of rain and then the sun came out again. Those three weeks of continuous rain were not happy weeks for farmers and our nerves were shredded as we waited to see what impact the bad weather would have on our crops.

However, we were not as badly affected as other areas of the UK, especially Yorkshire, where one poor farmer had his whole farmyard washed away by torrents of water. More...

Richard finished spring planting yesterday, with the red millet going in well. The canary seed was planted about a month ago but has been struggling in the dry soil conditions.

The beans are looking strong, but they too need a good drink. Richard planted them deeper this year to help the roots find the moisture.

Planting the millet in these very dry conditions is a risk - the seeds need to be deep enough to find moisture, but not too deep or they won't grow at all! More...

So far, April has been a very dry month here on the farm. In fact, we haven't had a single drop of rain all month. This means that our spring barley which we planted in early April badly now needs a drink. Rain is forecast next week and I am sure there will be some mightily relieved growers everywhere when the rainclouds appear.

This year, we have tried direct drilling for the first time and we are very excited about the huge positive impact this type of drilling may have on our farm. You may remember that last November Richard topped off a field of mustard which we had sown after harvest as a 'cover crop' to hold nutrients and moisture in the ground.

 

Mustard planted after harvest last year and used as a cover crop for this year's naked oats

 

Richard topping off the mustard plant last year

Well, in early April we direct drilled our naked oats into this ground. Direct drilling means drilling directly into un-moved soil. It is a total deviation away from the traditional farming 'norm', which is to cultivate the soil a number of times to create a fine seedbed. The idea behind not cultivating is that the soil worm population and the population of beneficial soil organisms increases and soil moisture is retained ( which has been a real bonus this spring with these dry conditions).  

And it is all about the worms! Worms are crucial for soil health, and this method of farming helps to increase the soil population in two main ways; firstly - by not cultivating, the soil isn't turned over exposing the earthworms to the seagulls who then pick them off with ease. Secondly, the worms are not killed by the action of the cultivator. As farm machinery gets more massive and heavier, the soil compaction that big tractors and combines, and heavy cultivators create is considerable, so to overcome this, farmers have to drill deeper, which of course kills more earthworms and so the cycle continues.

So the result of direct drilling and more worms surviving is more ' self-structuring' of the soil - more humus, more organic material, and better water retention. It has been shown that each tillage operation can result in the evaporation of up to 1" of moisture - so retaining this can, over a season, make a significant difference to the growing environment for our plants. So it is a massive thank you to water and worms!

This year we have drilled our naked oats ( which will all be included in our homegrown bird seed mixes) with a ULD New Zealand Cross Slot drill. ULD stands for Ultra Low Disturbance relating to soil disturbance.

 

High tech ULD cross slot drill

It neatly and uniquely cuts a horizontal slot and a cross slot ( so an inverted T shape) and then drops the oat seed and fertiliser down the side of the slot.

 

The appliance of science!

 This graph compares the emergence of wheat seed using three different types of slots in dry conditions and you can see how much more effective the T shaped slot is in the early days after drilling.

Much faster emergence using an inverted T shaped slot

If the soil is too wet, slugs can easily get into the slot and destroy the seed, so this drill is best used in dry conditions - so has been perfect for us this April! 

We drilled the oats on the 3rd April ( into the mustard prepared ground) and this photo was taken on the 20th April - so 17 days later and you can see the naked oats nicely emerged and the remnants of the mustard plants still in situ on the land. Richard is very pleased with how they look.

Emerging naked oats - 17 days after direct drilling

This way of farming is a totally new concept and Richard is incredibly excited about the changes we are trialling. It is a leap of faith to change the way you have done something all your life, and I am sure there will be some unforeseen challenges to overcome and mistakes to be made but hopefully not too many!

Our autumn sown crops have come out of the winter looking well. They have gone through their growth stage very quickly and have only slowed this last couple of weeks where it has been so dry and quite cold, but they are much further forward than they would usually be at this date.

Well, hopefully, this has given you an insight into just one of the things we are doing to improve the sustainability and eco-environment of our farm, whilst also producing your great quality bird food!

More next month!

 

 

 

 

Sunflowers

We grow our own sunflowers right here at Street End Farm, which means that we can offer you fully traceable, home-grown black sunflower seeds of the highest cleanliness and quality. We sow our sunflower seeds in May, and harvest the heads in October. Once harvested, the seeds are triple-cleaned on the farm.

Black sunflower seeds remain a firm favourite among garden birds, who crack open the relatively thin seed coat to access the oil-rich kernel. Sunflower hearts (the sunflower seeds minus the black outer husks) are also very popular - they offer an easily-available source of energy, and they don't leave behind any messy husks under your feeding station!

Looking to treat your garden birds to some top-quality sunflower seeds? Here's what we have to offer...

Sunflower Hearts

Premium Sunflower Hearts

Our bakery-grade sunflower hearts are an easily accessible energy source for garden birds. The whole sunflower heart gets eaten, meaning no waste and no seed husks to clean up!

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Sunflower Heart Chips

Sunflower Heart Chips

These bite-sized sunflower heart fragments are ideal for fledgling birds in the summertime.

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Black Sunflower Seeds

Black Sunflower Seeds

A cost-effective alternative to peanuts, with a relatively thin seed coat that makes it easy for garden birds to get at the kernel within.

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Striped Sunflower Seeds

Striped Sunflower Seeds

These striped seeds are slightly larger than our standard black sunflower seeds, and their shells are a little tougher. These seeds are beloved by birds such as woodpeckers and nuthatches

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We also sell a variety of feeders that are ideal for sunflower hearts. Choose from the following products: 

Extra Wide Sunflower Hearts Bird Feeder

Premium Sunflower Heart Feeder >

 

Black Steel Sunflower Hearts Bird Feeder

Black Steel Sunflower Heart Feeder >

If you would like to know more about how we produce our sunflower seeds, this information can be found on our Growing Sunflowers page.