Bird in a nest

Spring is almost here, which means that birds up and down the country will be preparing for the arrival of their youngsters by building cosy nests up in the trees.

Birds only spend a short amount of time building their nests, but still manage to build them in a design that's completely unique to their breed.

If you spend some time amongst nature during March and April, you'll be able to see nests cropping up all over the place!


The nest-building process

The building process often starts in a rather unruly way. First, sticks and twigs are dropped into the chosen tree. With a bit of luck, some of these sticks will become lodged in the tree's branches. Over time, these sticks that have been dropped begin to build up to form a very loose 'outline' of a nest. (It's okay, the birds will be back to neaten it up later).

Birds use their sharp beaks to manipulate and weave the fibres of their nest together. Then, birds rely on spider webs or mud to strengthen their nests, turning a loose group of twigs into a structurally sound home. Some birds even use their own saliva as a type of nest 'glue'.


Different types of bird nest

In the same way that we humans have different preferences when it comes to finding a home, different species of birds build their nests in different ways. Let's take a look at some of the different kinds of bird nests on the market.


Bird building a nest

Cup Nests

The cup nest is one of the most common bird nests out there and is definitely the first thing that springs to mind when you think of a 'birds nest'. As the name suggests, these bird nests are rounded or 'cup'-like. Birds that build cup nests rely on all kinds of materials to build their nests. They use twigs, grass, moss, leaves (pretty much anything they can get their beaks on) to form the foundations of their homes.

To help birds that rely on materials to build their nests, you could leave natural fibres and plant material in your garden for them to collect. For birds like house martins, song thrushes and blackbirds, a muddy puddle is vital for their nest-building efforts. If it's been particularly dry, why not create a muddy patch or puddle in your garden for them to visit?


Barn swallow

Adherent Nests

Birds like swallows prefer to build their home on the side of someone else's (maybe yours!). These birds nests can often be seen stuck to the side of buildings or trees and are made of a sticky mixture of mud and saliva. Unlike cup nests, these nests tend to be more 'jug'-like with holes in the sides for doors. This is an impressive feat of architecture for such a small bird!


Indian scops owl

Renting a spot

While most birds like to build their own nest in a prime location, there are a few species that will happily occupy the nests of other birds. Tits and owls will happily take advantage of existing nests or holes in trees to shelter their young. This saves time, energy and resources! Pretty nifty don't you think?

If you want to help your local birds out as they search for the perfect place to live, why not buy a nest box for your garden? Our nest boxes will encourage birds into our garden, perfect if you want to get a closer look. Be sure to share your photos with us on Facebook and Twitter!

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