Of all wild birds, blackbirds are one of the most common and one of the easiest to identify. In total, there are over 10 million blackbirds in the UK, it's highly likely that you have one visiting your garden on a regular basis.

Their shiny black feathers and bright yellow beaks make them very easy to spot in your garden. Today we're going to get to know them a little better!

Blackbirds, also known as Turdus Merula in Latin, are part of the Turdidae family. This family is made up of lots of common songbirds including, thrushes, robins, and bluebirds. Most birds in this family have thin bills, short legs, and smooth feet (as opposed to scaly). Blackbirds can be anywhere between 23 and 25cm tall when they're fully grown & weigh between 80 and 125g.

What do blackbirds eat?

Like a lot of birds, the common blackbird enjoys eating a lot of worms, insects, and berries - all of which are readily available in the wild. With such a big blackbird population & with so many birds competing for the same food here in the UK, it's always helpful to offer the blackbirds in your garden something extra if you can! They'll happily eat from a bird feeder, bird table, or even from the ground.

 If you're not sure what to offer the blackbirds that visit your garden, here are a few suggestions:

  • Raisins - for an extra helping hand during the breeding season, soak your raisins in water (the baby blackbirds will love it!)
  • Sunflower Hearts - a great high-calorie option without the husks, to help the blackbirds feed without making a mess.
  • Ground Blend - great for feeding on a bird table or on the ground, our mix contains lots of yummy treats for blackbirds.

Where do blackbirds sleep?

When it comes to nesting, blackbirds are very territorial. Once they've located a spot that they like they will continue to nest and live there for the rest of their lives, so they're very quick to defend it if another bird tries to invade!

Female blackbirds are usually responsible for building the nests and they use grass, straw, and other organic material to make them nice and cosy. Of course, these nests don't last a lifetime, so after each breeding season, the female will return to re-build her nest. 

Blackbird nests are typically found in the thick foliage of trees, shrubs or any low-level bush where there's suitable cover. This provides them with ample protection from predators and intruders.

Our blackbird nest boxes

If you want to give the blackbirds a helping hand with their nests this year, we have a blackbird nester that they're sure to love!

blackbird nester

It features a deep open ledge that makes it easy to access & is made of responsibly sourced timber. You can install this next box and leave it empty, the blackbirds will bring their own nesting materials and make it their own. As we know, blackbirds like to choose a nesting spot for life, so you should get to know your new tenants quite well.

Order a Blackbird Nester >

blackbird breeding

Blackbird breeding

The breeding season for blackbirds begins in spring (March) as the weather starts to get warmer and lasts for 4/5 months. During this period, blackbirds have two or three different broods, depending on the weather conditions. 

There are a lot of different factors that can affect the breeding season of blackbirds. For example, if the weather is too dry or too wet, food can become scarce which puts the newly hatched chicks at risk of starvation... that's why it's so important that you offer them some food during this time!

Each brood of blackbirds is made up of 3-5 eggs which will begin to hatch after two weeks of incubation. Young blackbirds are capable of fending for themselves after the first week or so and can fledge early if predators approach the nest. This is a helpful adaptation that helps to keep the population of blackbirds strong.

Blackbirds and the law

Like many wild bird species, blackbirds and their nests are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. Anyone who damages these birds or their nests on purpose can be arrested! 

Hopefully this bird profile answers all the questions you have about the common blackbird. If you have any other questions, don't hesistate to drop us an email at